The U.S. Department of Commerce (DoC) announced its affirmative final determinations in the anti-dumping and countervailing duty investigations of crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells imported from the People's Republic of China. DoC determined that Chinese producers and exporters have sold solar cells in the United States at dumping margins ranging from 18.32% to 249.96%. DoC also determined Chinese producers and exporters have received countervailable subsidies of 14.78% to 15.97%. The department said in a factsheet released Oct. 10 that it will instruct U.S. Customs and Border Protection to collect cash deposts and bonds equal to the dumping margins, less a subsidy rate. Further enforcement will depend on a final determination from the International Trade Commission, due by Nov. 23.